The Relationship Between Religion and Spirituality
In the most general sense, religion is a set of beliefs and practices that are organized around a supreme being or a universal principle. It can either be external to a person or internal to that person. While religion begins on an external level, spirituality is a personal process of self-transcendence and growth into a relationship with that which lies beyond the known world.
Throughout history, religions have been a source of inspiration and guidance. While the practices and beliefs of one religion may differ from another, they all share a common foundation. In addition, most religions are based on the belief that God is real. This belief is often expressed through acts of worship, such as performing rituals.
Many modern studies have analyzed the relationship between spirituality and religion. Some of these studies have found a decline in religious values, attitudes and behaviors. Other studies have noted a rise in “secularism” and the New Age movement. However, most research in the past thirty years shows a decline in religious attitudes, values, and behaviors. In this way, religion and spirituality are often seen as two separate concepts, but they can complement each other in a number of ways.
Many religions are based on a sacred book that is considered to be the supreme authority in moral matters. For example, Muslims follow the Koran and Christians read the Bible. While both hold the belief that God exists, religious participation involves collective worship, individual meditation, moral conduct and participation in a religious institution. In addition to these, there are outward expressions of reverence and dress based on the faith of the person.